引用本文:吴甜 屈艺 童煜 唐军 石晶 母得志.国内近十年儿科教学模式的研究热点:基于文献关键词的可视化分析[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2019,18(9):865~
国内近十年儿科教学模式的研究热点:基于文献关键词的可视化分析
Research hotspots in pediatric teaching model in China over the past decade: a visualized analysis based on key words in literature
DOI:
中文关键词:  共词分析  聚类分析  儿科  教学模式  教学方法
英文关键词:Co-word analysis  Cluster analysis  Pediatrics  Teaching model  Teaching method
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作者单位
吴甜 屈艺 童煜 唐军 石晶 母得志 四川大学华西第二医院儿科/出生缺陷与相关妇儿疾病教育部重点实验室成都610041 
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中文摘要:
      目的 将共词聚类分析法引入儿科教学模式的现状研究,通过对近十年来该领域文献的可视化分析,总结国内在该领域研究的热点及知识结构,为儿科教学的进一步发展提供参考。方法 于2017年7月在中国知网和万方数据库以“儿科”和“教学模式”为主题词搜索文献,限定期刊年限为2006年1月至2017年6月,通过人工筛选出符合研究标准的文献,利用Word、Bicomb 2.0对关键词进行整理,统计出高频关键词。采用SPSS 20.0描绘聚类分析图,用Ucinet 6.0和Newdraw描绘共现网络分析图,展现高频关键词之间的关系。结果 最终纳入文献367篇,提取高频关键词31个,与儿科数学相关的频率最高的关键词是“PBL教学法”。该领域的研究大致可分为四类:儿科实习及见习中的教学方法、儿科教学培养及评估的内容、儿科护理专业的教学方法及教学方法改革的对象。位于共现网络图中心区域的关键词有“PBL教学法”“多媒体教学”“案例教学法”及“护理”。结论 近十年来,多种教学方法的实践探究是国内儿科教育模式研究的主要内容。PBL是该领域的研究热点,多与多媒体、案例引导等相结合应用于儿科教学中。此外,循证医学在儿科教学中的应用也逐渐受到重视。
英文摘要:
      Objective To summarize the research hotspots and knowledge structure of pediatric teaching model by introducing the co-word clustering analysis into the research on the current status of pediatric teaching model and conducting a visualized analysis of related articles in the past decade, and to provide a reference for further development of pediatric teaching model. Methods In July 2017, CNKI and Wanfang Data were searched for related articles published from January 2006 to June 2017, with "pediatrics" and "teaching model" as the key words. The articles which met the research criteria were screened out manually, and Word and Bicomb 2.0 were used to identify high-frequency key words. SPSS 20.0 was used to plot the diagram of the cluster analysis, and Ucinet 6.0 and Newdraw were used to generate the co-occurrence network map to show the relationship between high-frequency key words. Results A total of 367 articles were included and 31 high-frequency key words were extracted, among which the most frequently used key word was "PBL teaching method". Studies in this field were roughly classified into four types, i.e., teaching method in pediatric practice/and clerkship, contents of cultivation and assessments in pediatric teaching, teaching methods for pediatric nursing, and objects of the reform of teaching methods. The key words of "PBL teaching method", "multimedia teaching", "case-based teaching", and "nursing" were located at the center of the co-occurrence network map. Conclusion Exploration and practice of various teaching methods have been the main research topics in pediatric teaching model in China over the past decade. PBL is a research hotspot in this field and is often combined with multimedia, case teaching, or other methods in pediatric teaching. In addition, the application of evidence-based medicine has attracted more and more attention.
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