引用本文:任凤英1 许旻2.美国视光医师教育模式的浅析与启示[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2019,18(9):876~
美国视光医师教育模式的浅析与启示
Analysis and inspiration of American optometrist teaching system
DOI:
中文关键词:  眼视光  视光医师  医学教育  美国
英文关键词:Optometry  Optometrist  Medical education  The United States
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作者单位
任凤英1 许旻2 1厦门医学院医学技术系 361023 2Huaxia Ophthalmology Clinic, Philadelphia 19107, the United States 
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中文摘要:
      美国的视光医师教育已经超过百年历史,形成了一套完整的视光高等教育体系。包括采用全美统一的标准化考试(optometry admission test,OAT)选拔申请者;四年的教育课程包括医学基础课、视光学专业课和大量的医院实习课;毕业生需参加全美统一的视光医师执照考试才能获得行医资格;毕业后可选择申请为期1年的专科住院医师规范化培训以获得在某个领域的专长;每年参加继续教育才能定期更新注册视光医师执照等。通过分析比较中美眼视光教育在生源、培养时间、毕业要求和工作上的差异,以探索适合我国国情的眼视光教育发展模式。
英文摘要:
      The optometrist education system in the United States has a history of more than 100 years and has become a complete and mature system. It contains five parts: optometry admission test (OAT); a complete curriculum of optometry, including basic medical lectures, optometric theories and skills, large amount of clinical practices; the National Board Exam of Optometry (NBEO) which is mandatory for every licensed optometrist/practitioner, a one-year optional resident program; continue education in every year for renewing optometric licenses. We analyzed differents such as the enrollment requirements, the training time, the graduation requirements and the career perspective of the optometry education system between China and the United States were analyzed, we want to develop a optometrist training system with Chinese characteristics.
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