引用本文:侯艳1 栗思思2 靖雪妍3 李贞子1.医学院校统计学课程本科教学效果的调查分析[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2019,18(10):1065~1075
医学院校统计学课程本科教学效果的调查分析
Investigation and analysis of teaching effect on undergraduate statistics course in medical universities and colleges
DOI:
中文关键词:  统计学  本科生  问卷  教学
英文关键词:Statistics  Undergraduate  Questionnaire  Teaching
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作者单位
侯艳1 栗思思2 靖雪妍3 李贞子1 1哈尔滨医科大学卫生统计教研室 1500812哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院 1500813哈尔滨医科大学公共卫生学院教务科 150081 
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中文摘要:
      目的 针对医学院校本科生对统计学课程学习认知与需求进行调查,了解其教学效果,以便更好地开展统计学相应课程的教学工作,提供更好的教学体验。方法 采用网络问卷的调查方法,抽取11个高校已完成统计学课程学习的在校本科生共319名,进行关于统计学课程学习认知与需求的问卷调查。结果 以高年级(三年级、四年级、五年级)本科生接受统计学课程为主,占94.60%;有61.90%的研究对象认为统计学课程难度比较大;公共卫生专业和非公共卫生专业的本科生,90%以上认为开设统计学相应课程有必要性,约有4.00%不喜欢统计学相应课程;分别有75.87%、69.52%、50.16%的研究对象认为“教学方式”“教学内容”“学时安排”是影响统计学课程的主要原因,且61.90%的研究对象认为案例教学最有利于掌握统计学课程;研究对象对统计学理论知识掌握一般,但对软件操作技能掌握较差;约90%的研究对象对理论知识或软件操作课程培训班有需求。结论 高校应适当增强理论课程教学针对性,在教学中增加案例教学比例,加强软件操作技能教学,适当开设相应课程培训,以解决统计学相应课程难以达到满意教学效果的问题。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the learning cognition and demand of medical college undergraduates for statistics course and its teaching effect, so as to better carry out the teaching work of statistics course and provide better teaching experience. Methods A total of 319 undergraduates from 11 medical universities and colleges who had finished statistics course were involved to conduct a questionnaire survey by using the online questionnaire survey method. Results The senior undergraduates (grade 3, grade 4, grade 5) participated in statistic course accounted for a large proportion of 94.60%; 61.90% subjects thought the course was difficult. For undergraduate public health majors and non-public health majors, more than 90% considered that it was necessary to set up the corresponding statistics courses; about 4.00% did not like the corresponding statistics courses; 75.87%, 69.52% and 50.16% thought that "teaching method", "teaching content" and "class schedule" were the main reason influencing the statistics course, respectively; and 61.9% thought that case teaching was the best way to master the course. The results also showed that all subjects had a common comprehending of statistical theory and a poor comprehending of software operation skills. About 90% of the research subjects had requirement for theoretical knowledge or software operation. Conclusion Colleges and universities should make theoretical courses more targeted, increase the proportion of case teaching, strengthen the teaching of software operation skills and appropriately set up corresponding training courses, to solve the problem that it is difficult to achieve satisfactory teaching effect.
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